How the Arab-Israeli Conflict Turned into an Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

The recent agreements (the Abraham Accords) between Israel and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain and Sudan have changed the political-economic future of the Middle East, followed by these agreements with the subsequent accession of Saudi Arabia.

The Abraham Accords was a joint statement between Israel, the United Arab Emirates and the United States reached on August 13, 2020. It was subsequently also used to refer collectively to agreements between Israel and the United Arab Emirates.

by Thanos S. Chonthrogiannis

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Leaders of the U.S., Israel, UAE and Bahrain sign Abraham Accords
Leaders of the U.S., Israel, U.A.E. and Bahrain sign Abraham Accords
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The agreement between UAE and Israel was officially titled: the Abraham Accords Peace Agreement: Treaty of Peace, Diplomatic Relations and Full Normalization Between the United Arab Emirates and the State of Israel.

The corresponding agreement between Bahrein and Israel was officially titled: the Abraham Accords: Declaration of Peace, Cooperation, and Constructive Diplomatic and Friendly Relations. 

The United Arab Emirates and Bahrain have found that ruling out Israel politically, diplomatically and economically, and purely because of its support for the Palestinian struggle, has not changed the situation, but rather made it worse both to their detriment and to the detriment of the prosperity and peace of the Middle East.

Since they decided to recognise politically and diplomatically Israel has followed a tsunami of especially important agreements between their countries and Israel, which include its areas between taxation, banking, trade, energy, and merchant shipping.

However, their countries’ rapprochement with Israel was based on the very discreet pressure exerted by the US under President Donald Trump, which US policy is expected to continue under the Presidency of Joe Biden.

For their part, the UAE, Bahrain, and Saudi Arabia are looking for strong allies to limit Iran and Turkey’s expansion into the Middle East. In this case Israel was the best choice since here the saying “the enemy of my enemy is my friend” applies.

At the same time Israel is energy-connected to the EU (via undersea electricity power lines) and will export its natural gas to the EU in the future. Cooperation with Israel is important for the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain and Saudi Arabia because Israel is the most important link to work more closely with Europe.

The fact that Israel has cooperation with Cyprus, Greece (both euro area and EU member countries) but also participates in the alliance of the Mediterranean Sea countries Israel-Egypt-Cyprus-Greece-France is tying both the UAE and Bahrain to the EU chariot by bridging the EU with the Persian Gulf of the Middle East and the Western Middle East respectively.

The rapprochement between Israel, the UAE and Bahrain has also been facilitated by the “fruitless” struggle so far of representatives of the Palestinian people to agree on a better future for their people.

Hamas gives great weight to the armed struggle, while the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) shows great intransigence in its positions, without escaping the division that is underlying among the political factions of the Palestinians that makes their struggle difficult. All this has tired most of the Arab world.

Israel’s agreements with other Arab states in the Middle East have turned the Arab-Israeli conflict solely into an Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

The UAE has great energy and economic potential and tied indirectly to the EU chariot could emerge along with Israel, Bahrain, and Saudi Arabia to become the worthy ambassadors of their values and ideas in the Middle East.

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