The EU, in recent years, has made stricter the framework and procedure for asylum applications and procedures through which migrants who enter its territory illegally can apply for asylum. In EU member countries that act as entry gates for immigrants entering in an illegal way such as Greece, the application and asylum procedure exceeds three years.
In addition, the period during which the applicant for asylum is to be examined and a residence permit in the EU, an immigrant seeking asylum during the completion of the procedure is obliged to remain in the region of the EU member-country who first entered. This is due to the EU-Turkey Joint Agreement (March 18, 2016) on migration, which imposes a geographical restriction on the arrival area.
By Thanos S. Chonthrogiannis
It is prohibited by intellectual property law or in any way illegal use of this article, with heavy civil and criminal penalties for the offender.
All these stringent measures have the rationale to discourage immigrants and refugees due to their long waiting and staying in humiliating human life accommodation for the purpose of many of them being frustrated and forced to turn back in their own countries.
The Prejudices and negativity
In this policy many immigrants are forced to return idly and without money back to their countries of origin. There, however, the specific immigrants who return to their countries must deal with a completely ugly reality and mentality from their own families and their compatriots in general. A mentality of prejudices that exists for all those in these countries (i.e. Morocco, Algeria, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh etc.).
The main cause of these social prejudices and negativity towards migrants returning to their country is the fact that their families who remain behind in their country consider them as a basic, if not the main, source of income that essentially helps his family migrated to a better life and escape poverty. The fact that these immigrants are coming back is a collapse of their hopes for a more human future.
This is the main reason why social pressure is constantly increasing for the governments of these countries not to accept the return of their compatriots-illegal immigrants-from abroad and especially from the EU.
Remittances sent back to his homeland by an immigrant act as decompression valves in these countries’ societies to sedating the pain of poverty.
The governments of these countries know that if they start to take back to their country massively their compatriots-illegal immigrants-who leave abroad for a better future, then the issues of poverty and unemployment will be alleviated further and they could very well lead to social unrest at the risk of the fall of their government.
The Help programs
These findings are evident for those involved in the migration issue, and that is why both the EU and international organizations’ such as the UN have started to implement successful political actions at global level with a view to migrants who they are frustrated with the conditions they encountered in foreign countries, which conditions force them to return to their countries, not only to not be unemployed but to create their own businesses in their country of origin, making their life from the beginning and staying in their countries.
Within this framework the International Organization for Migration (IOM) ( www.iom.int ) includes in its actions assistance programs for the return of migrants who are forced to return home for the purpose to work in their country. These programs operate through the local offices of IOM in the initial host countries of migrants (i.e. EU).
These offices give these immigrants who want to return in their countries a small financial aid to return home. Then with the arrival of the local offices of IOM there help these people with small financial help to create their own small businesses, cooperative activities e.g. in the service sector, in farming, livestock, etc. and in this way they are not unemployed and remain permanently in their country.
This small capital is provided by the local office of IOM there by controlling and financing all stages of the operation i.e. from market research, choice of location, payment of rents, products to be purchased, equipment required, evolution of the business etc. In this way it is achieved to eliminate all the causes that forced all these people to migrate.
The feasible and the unattainable
However, as much success as this type of IOM programs have, they are a drop in the ocean of the migration problem. For real major changes that will drastically reduce the size of migratory populations, such programs should be adopted and implemented by the Governments of these poor countries themselves.
As the know-how exists the governments of these countries should apply them for every unemployed fellow. In this way people could make life in their own country and would not have the need to migrate abroad.
But the problems in these poor countries such as the increased degree of state corruption, trafficking in human beings that have expanded their tentacles into the state apparatus, politicians who encourage the migration of their compatriots to facilitate inexpensively local societies who are seeking income from abroad etc. make doubtful the success of such programs from the governments of these countries.